Moderator: 3ne2nr Mods
KNOW SOME OF THE DANGERS ASSOCIATED WITH A STORM.
Can occur from heavy rains,rivers,drainage ditches.
Typically associated with the land falling hurricane.
Depending on intensity of storm, can cover extremely
large areas of coastline, as Katrina demonstrated.
The storm surge typically causes the most deaths associated
with a hurricane.
Roof damage,falling trees,power lines, can demolish entire
Tornadoes (sounds crazy for trinidad but it's possible)
Often occur with land falling hurricanes. Can cause tremendous
wind type damage very far from the center of a hurricane in
Know what potential hazards may affect you or your home. Flooding potential, storm surge susceptibility. If your home or residence may flood. (or any major threat) LEAVE.
Start collecting material and supplies NOW. Wood / Shutters for boarding up windows. Dont wait until the last minute to try to aquire wood and then cut and mount it. Have it precut and ready to mount. Store it until needed. I know from experience that trying to hold a 8x4 plywood sheet on a ladder in gusty wind is very difficult.
Who would have guessed that the ply-lock clips used to mount plywood sheets on windows would disappear off the shelfs as a storm approached.. Prepare Early.
Test your generator NOW (if you have one) and perform any repairs. A generator that doesnt work properly after the storm is not very helpful.
Have an evacuation plan. While you can not easily say where exactly you will evacuate months in advance. Ensure your friends and family know where you plan to evacuate.
If a hurricane developes. Stay Informed! Do be caught by suprise if a storms path or intensity changes. We know that a storms path and intensity can change dramatically in hours. In sometimes, unexpected manners. OBEY your local governments recommendations. If they suggest you leave the area..seriously consider leaving. Know where local shelters are setup. Know what is allowed to take to a shelter. Dont just show up without food or water or blankets. They may not be setup to provide them. They will be providing a place thats safer to stay in than your home in most cases.
Your Disaster Supply Kit (Yes YOU should have one)-
The following (taken from the NHC Disaster Supply Kit Instructions) should be included in everyones "Kit".
Water - at least 1 gallon daily per person for 3 to 7 days (more is better)
Food - at least enough for 3 to 7 days
• non-perishable packaged or canned food / juices
• foods for infants or the elderly
• snack foods
• non-electric can opener
• cooking tools / fuel
• paper plates / plastic utensils
Blankets / Pillows, etc.
Clothing - seasonal / rain gear/ sturdy shoes
First Aid Kit / Medicines / Prescription Drugs
Special Items - for babies and the elderly
Toiletries / Hygiene items / Moisture wipes
Flashlight / Batteries (lots of batteries... also extra bulbs)
Radio - Battery operated and NOAA weather radio
TV - Battery operated...
Cash (with some small bills) - Banks and ATMs may not be open or available for extended periods.
Toys, Books and Games (to keep kids at bay)
Important documents - in a waterproof container or watertight resealable plastic bag
• insurance, medical records, bank account numbers, Social Security card, etc.
Tools - keep a set with you during the storm
Vehicle fuel tanks filled
A container with fuel or diesel for your car/ van
Pet care items
• proper identification / immunization records / medications
• ample supply of food and water
• a carrier or cage
• muzzle and leash
Ensure your Generator is functional.
Additionally we found that having several extra gas cans for our generator was VERY helpful. Also if you are able you might want to stockpile some fuel in advance, but be aware that long term storage of gas requires specific fuel additives and some very serious safety issues.
The Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) is a band of clouds consisting of showers, with occasional thunderstorms, that encircles the globe near the equator. The solid band of clouds may extend for many hundreds of miles and is sometimes broken into smaller line segments.
A Tropical Disturbance is a discrete weather system of apparently organized convection, originating in the tropics or subtropics and existing for a period of over 24 hours .Disturbances are characteristically approximately 200-600 km in diameter.
Tropical waves are generally carried westward by the prevailing easterly winds along the tropics and subtropics near the equator. They can lead to the formation of tropical cyclones in the north Atlantic and eastern north Pacific basins.
A Tropical Cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.
A Tropical Depression is a tropical cyclone with a maximum sustained wind speed of less than 39 mph.
A Tropical Storm is a tropical cyclone with maximum sustained wind speeds between 39 mph and 73 mph.
A Hurricane is a tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 74 mph+.
Watches and Warnings
A Tropical Storm Watch is an announcement that tropical storm conditions (sustained winds between 39 mph and 73 mph) are possible within the specified area in association with a tropical storm within 48 hours.
A Tropical Storm Warning is an announcement that tropical storm conditions (sustained winds between 39 mph and 73 mph) are possible within the specified area in association with a tropical storm, issued 36 hours in advance of the anticipated onset of tropical-storm-force winds.
A Hurricane Watch is an announcement that hurricane conditions (sustained winds of 74 mph or higher) are possible within the specified area in association with a tropical storm within 48 hours.
A Hurricane Warning is an announcement that hurricane conditions (sustained winds of 74 mph or higher) are expected somewhere within the specified area in association with a hurricane, issued 36 hours in advance of the anticipated onset of hurricane-force winds.
Hurricanes are classified into five (05) categories based on the intensities of their sustained winds, which is known as the Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale:
· Category 1: Winds speeds of 74-95 mph; very dangerous winds will produce some damage
· Category 2: Wind speeds of 96-110 mph; extremely dangerous winds will cause extensive damage
· Category 3: Wind speeds of 111-129 mph; devastating damage will occur
· Category 4: Wind speeds of 130-156 mph; catastrophic damage will occur
· Category 5: Wind speeds greater than 156 mph; catastrophic damage will occur and most areas will be uninhabitable
A Major Hurricane has winds greater than 110 mph. Category 3+ e.g. Hurricane Harvey (Cat.4), Hurricane Irma (Cat.5)
Maximum Sustained Winds is the standard measure of a tropical cyclone’s intensity. It refers to the highest one-minute average wind speed (at an elevation of 10 meters with an unobstructed exposure) associated with that weather system at a particular point in time.
The Eye (of the Hurricane) is a roughly circular area of comparatively light winds that encompasses the center of a severe tropical cyclone. The eye is either completely or partially surrounded by the eyewall cloud.
A Storm Surge is the rise in sea levels following a hurricane or major storm, where the height is the difference between the observed sea level and the level the water would be without a cyclone. Storm surge is usually estimated by subtracting the normal high tide from the observed storm tide.
redmanjp wrote:like dry season take a leave of absence this year
Emergency Alert System
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Emergency Alert System (EAS) is a national warning system in the United States put into place on January 1, 1997 (approved by Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in November 1994), when it replaced the Emergency Broadcast System (EBS), which in turn replaced the CONELRAD System. The official EAS is designed to enable the President of the United States to speak to the United States within 10 minutes. In addition to this requirement, EAS is also designed to alert the public of local weather emergencies such as tornadoes and flash floods (and in some cases severe thunderstorms depending on the severity of the storm). The most recent National EAS Test was performed on September 27, 2017 at 2:20 pm EDT (11:20 am PDT).
EAS is jointly coordinated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the National Weather Service (NOAA/NWS). The EAS regulations and standards are governed by the Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau of the FCC. EAS has become part of Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS), a program of FEMA.
EAS messages are transmitted via AM, FM, broadcast television, cable television and Land Mobile Radio Service, as well as VHF, UHF, and FiOS (wireline video providers). Digital television, satellite television, and digital cable providers, along with Sirius XM satellite radio, IBOC, DAB, smart phones and digital radio broadcasters, have been required to participate in the EAS since December 31, 2006. DirecTV, Dish Network, and all other DBS providers have been required to participate since May 31, 2007.
In 2008, the FCC began work on another system for public alerting designed and targeted at smartphones, meant to support the EAS. The Commercial Mobile Alert System (now Wireless Emergency Alerts) made its debut in about early 2013 in select states for select events. While this system functions independently from the Emergency Alert System, it may broadcast identical information.
sMASH wrote:why bai?
u dont find odpm updates while the storm going on is efficient enough?
i mean, last year, the only time they opted to issue a warning in good time before the event, the event didnt happen after all.